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April 25, 2018

Robotics may take over 1 Crore jobs of Indians in 5 yrs : ASSOCHAM study


Lucknow : Up to 10 million jobs might be taken over by artificial intelligence or robots during the course of next five years owing to extreme technological developments taking place globally, apex industry body ASSOCHAM said on Wednesday.

“The Union Government should integrate robotics as key components of its flagship ‘Make in India,’ programme for attracting global manufacturers to set up their highly efficient and automated supply chain facilities in the country,” said study titled ‘Digital India to Robotic India’ released by ASSOCHAM.

The current industrial revolution globally is unfolding disruptive technologies in the form of automation, robotics, 3D printing, artificial intelligence, genomics etc., and has started eating jobs in large number and in India alone million of jobs are at stake in the next five years.

The Chamber thus, in its study has underlined an ‘urgent need’ for fostering a partnership among government, industry and academia to equip people with the right skill sets.

“The proposed partnership will be able to identify emerging skill requirements and academia, especially from developed countries would need to assist in structuring courses and setting curricula,” said DS Rawat, secretary general of ASSOCHAM while releasing the study at a press conference held in Lucknow.

“The Centre should create a national policy perspective for automation consisting of top level experts, representative of business, government and labour as it will set down the road map and guidelines to make this transition as painless as possible while assuring the stakeholders that the benefits will be widely and equitably shared,” said Rawat.

“This will at least sensitize the nation on the inevitability of robotics led automation in industry, manufacture, transport and distribution,” he added.

It is also pertinent to note that robotics technology is a settled necessity for not only making Indian industry globally competitive and the country attractive for entrepreneurs but also to promote manufacturing sector in states like Uttar Pradesh (UP) to ensure faster economic development, he said.

ASSOCHAM has thus suggested the government of Uttar Pradesh to dovetail its skill development policy conducive to create an enabling environment for private sector, provide better infrastructure, impart skill training to industrial workforce and promote ease of doing business across the state.

With several global auto firms setting up base in India and many hoping to export vehicles from the country both vehicle assembly and obtaining components by several Indian and joint venture (JV) component firms would require extensive automation to be at par with international standards.

In the beginning, automation and robotics would be inevitable at least where high quality and low costs on the one hand and safety of human workers are prime concern.

“We must expect automation becoming the imperative where raw materials like rare earths or dangerous ones like radioactive metals and corrosive chemicals are in use, thus it is clear that in the hazardous industries, robotics help workers in their safety, rather than replace them,” said Rawat.

“As the product shelf-life shrinks, automated production processes would become inevitable to catch up with the competition domestically and globally,” he added.

“Besides, in transportation of goods rapid use of containerization, automation at ports and in-time manufacture would make transportation more and more automated requiring fewer and fewer human intervention,” further said Rawat.

The coming of driverless cars and trains is one indication. The reduction in use of fuels through greater efficiency of fuel use (cars at 25-30 km/hr are already a reality as well as cars requiring least periodic attention) would need fewer petrol pumps and repair shops, for instance.

Allaying concerns about job displacement, the study said, “The sector automation and use of robotics need not be at the expense of labor, coexistence is possible; industry leaders must view the introduction of robots as a competitive advantage.”

What is needed is a joint effort by all to make automation and subsequent changes in job pattern and demand on intelligence, innovation and creative work as a great opportunity to open the floodgates of enabling every individual to build his/her future in a global prosperity environment.

Note: News shared for public awareness with reference from the information provided at online news portals.

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