Various schemes to impart vocational education and skill development to benefit youth of India

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy has said that National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) is a competency-based framework that organizes qualifications into ten levels, with the entry level being 1, and the highest level being 10. Each of these levels is characterized by the certain categories of competencies such as: (i) Professional knowledge, (ii) Professional Skills,(iii) Core skills, (iv) Responsibility. As per timelines indicated in the NSQF notification, after 2016 government funding will not be available for the training courses, which are not NSQF aligned. List of major schemes of Government of India, for imparting vocational education/training for development of skill of youth in the country is attached as under:

Details of Schemes for Skill Development of various Ministries/Departments

S. N. Name of Ministrie/Department Name of the Scheme
1. M/o Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS)
Craftsmen Training Scheme
Craftsmen Instructor Training Scheme
Skill Development Initiative Scheme (SDIS)
2. M/o Rural Development Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)
Rural Self-Employment Training Institutes (RSETIS)
3. M/o Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM)
4. M/o Textiles Integrated Skill Development Scheme (ISDS)
5. M/o Agriculture and Farmers Welfare National Food Security Mission – Farmers Field School
Agri-Clinic and Agri-Business Centres Scheme
Extension Reforms – Farm School
Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKS)
6. M/o Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Entrepreneurship Development Programmes (EDPS)
Entrepreneurship Skill Development Programmes (ESDPS)
Management Development Programmes (MDPS)
Assistance to Training Institutions Scheme (ATI  SCHEME)
Skill Upgradation & Quality Improvement and Mahila Coir Yojana (MCY)
7. M/o Tourism and Culture Scheme of Capacity Building for Service Provides
Hunar se Rozgar tak Initiative
8. M/o Human Resource Development Vocationalization of School Education
Scheme of Community Development through Polytechnics
National Institute of Open Schooling Distance Vocational  Education Programmes (Practical Learning through Accredited Vocational Institutes (AVI)
Jan Shikshan Sansthan
9. M/o Communication & IT Scheme for Financial Assistance to States for Skill Development in Electronic System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) Sector
Skill Development in ESDM for Digital India
10. M/o Tribal Affairs Vocational Training for Tribal Youth
11. M/o of Women and Child Development Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP)
12. M/o Commerce and Industry Indian Leather Development Programme
13. M/o Development of North Eastern Region Capacity Building & Technical Assistance
14. M/o Home Affairs UDAAN
15. M/o Minority Affairs Seekho aur Kamao
Nai Roshini (The Scheme for Leadership Development of Minority Women)
16. M/o Social Justice and Empowerment Financial Assistance for Skill Training of persons with Disabilities
Special Central Assistance (SCA) to Scheduled Castes Sub Plan (SCSP)
National Scheduled Castes Finance & Development Corporation (NSFDC)
National Safai karamcharis Finance & Development Corporation (NSKFDC)
National Backward Class Finance & Development Corporation (NBCFDC)
17. M/o Food Processing Skill Development Programmes under NIFTM and IICPT
18. M/o Chemicals and Fertilizers Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology

In a written reply in the Lok Sabha today the Minister said, The implementation mechanism of Government Schemes have inherent component of monitoring implementation, irregularities, public  grievances etc. and appropriate actions wherever required is taken by implementing Agency/Ministry/Department concerned. Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY),a flagship scheme of Government of India to ensure quality of trainings to the satisfaction of trainees. Following measures are taken under PMKVY:

i) Grievance Portal: There is a grievance portal for candidates to register their grievances. PMKVY monitoring team conducts investigation and actions as per PMKVY Consequence management system are taken.
ii) Call Validation: Candidates undergoing training are contacted via phone calls to seek their feedback on the training being provided.
iii) Site Visits: The SSC & PMKVY monitoring team conduct site visits on sample basis to ensure that quality trainings are being provided to students, also before authorizing a centre it is the responsibility of the SSCs to ensure that training centre is well equipped to conduct the trainings.
iv) Student Feedback Forms: The students have to fill a Student Feedback Form which seeks candidate’s experience of training, these forms are collected by the Assessor at the time of assessments.

The National Knowledge Commission (NKC) has made certain recommendations on vocational education which inter alia includes (i) increase the flexibility of VET within the mainstream education system (ii) quantify and monitor the impact of vocational education (iii) expand capacity through innovative delivery models (iv) ensure proper certification and (v) ensure a robust regulatory and accreditation framework.The Government has taken several additional measures to scale skilling with speed and standards in the country. This includes:

(i)     The National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015 which provides an umbrella framework to all skilling activities including skill development scheme/programme being carried out within the country.

(ii)   A National Skill Development Mission which seeks to converge, coordinate, implement and monitor skilling activities on a pan-India basis. The Institutional framework of the National Skill Development Mission has been put in place with constitution of the Governing Council headed by the Prime Minister, Steering Committee chaired by Minister, SDE and Executive Committee.

(iii) Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) a flagship outcome-based skill training scheme was launched on 15 July 2015 to benefit 24 lakh youth across India. So far over 17 lakh persons have been enrolled/trained under PMKVY.

(iv) Strategic partnerships have been undertaken between Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and other Ministries/Departments in the Central Government, to collaborate on scaling up skill training activities in specific sectors and leveraging existing infrastructure.

(v)   Common Norms for all skill development programmes across Central Ministries/Departments.

(vi) 1141 new ITIs with 1.73 lakh seats added in past 1 year. Total ITIs are now 13,105 with 18.7 lakh seats in 126 trades.

Note: News shared for public awareness with reference to the information available on government website.